An attractive tree favored for its edible fruit and shade, Tamarind Bonsai is native to tropical Africa. Even as young trees, they look aged in appearance. They are particularly famous for their delicate leaves and rough, deep, furrowed bark.
They have dense, feathery, bright green colored foliage and leaflets close at night. The flowers are small with five petals and are yellow with orange or red streaks while buds are pink.
Tamarind Bonsai Trees – UPDATED 2020
Valued by homemakers around the world, tamarind makes an amazing indoor bonsai. It is a sturdy, long-lived, slow-growing tree that reaches heights of about 40-60 feet. It develops an attractive-looking rough bark that makes it valuable as bonsai. The tree often grows upright and is suitable for a formal style.
They withstand little neglect, wiring, root manipulation and heavy pruning. It can be readily found as a fruit tree in the tropical areas by the name Tamarindus Indica. In some areas, the tree grows wild and people collect them. It is one of the most widely distributed fruit trees around the world. Its pods or fruits are used for seasoning various dishes including jams and soups.
One of the most popular uses is Worcestershire sauce. Flowers give fragrance resembling orchids. The bark of Tamarind Bonsai develops deep furrows at an early age and they continue developing.
How To Grow Tamarind Bonsai?
Tamarind Bonsai is preferable for growing indoors as a bonsai. It grows in almost all soil types and needs bright sunlight to grow. As it is easy to grow in different climatic conditions and looks beautiful, it is a favorite among Bonsai enthusiasts. Here is the basic guide to growing Tamarind Bonsai.
1. You can either use stem cutting or mature seeds for growing the tree. Using seeds is preferable because it gives faster propagation. Soak the dried seeds in warm water for one night before sowing to help fast germination.
2. Next you can sow the seeds in a pot of soil and spray water regularly. You can expect germination to begin at 10-15 days. Keep the plant in the pot for 2-3 months and consider adding diluted organic fertilizer.
3. You can then transfer the plant to a training pot making sure it stays in the shade. The plant adapts to the new environment slowly. When the roots get fixed, new foliages show up. Eventually, you can shift the pot to sunlight. The plant gets transformed into a bonsai at this stage.
4. To get your beautiful bonsai, keep the required leaves and branches, removing the unnecessary ones. You can try various ways to wire branches. Give it a good shape by pinching and pruning it regularly. Keep removing extra roots and replace soil from time to time.
After a few years of training, your tamarind plant turns into an eye-catching bonsai art. Then you can transfer your plant into a bonsai pot.
Tamarind Bonsai With Fruit – What You Should Know?
Tamarind Bonsai tree starts fruiting within 3-4 years if allowed appropriate growing conditions. Trees grown from seeds would start producing fruits in 6-8 years. The fruit matures in late spring to early summer. The fruits can be left on the tree for almost six months after they mature to reduce their moisture content.
Fresh fruits can be harvested by pulling away the pod from the stalk. Mature trees produce up to 350 pounds of fruits every year. If the tree is grown in a humid climate, ripe fruits can be prone to fungi and beetles so it is advisable to harvest the fruit and store under refrigeration. Tamarind Bonsai with fruit can be pruned for small shoots and water sprouts popping up near buds and pruning shots.
While the tree is usually free of pests and diseases in the United States, ants sometimes spread scales. In other areas, a lot of pests can be found attacking this tree including scales in different varieties, caterpillars, mealybugs, whiteflies, aphids and more. Fruits can be attacked by different borers and weevils as well.
Tamarind Bonsai Benefits
Tamarind Bonsai is a great choice for an indoor bonsai as it features an attractive rough bark. It is a slow-growing, long-lived tree with bright green, dense foliage with a feathery look. This tree is quite strong and sturdy and can tolerate heavy pruning. It often grows upright and makes a nice pick for an upright style of bonsai.
Tamarind trees can be easily found in the tropical areas and can even be acquired from the wilds in many places. Though spring is the perfect time to trim the branches for styling, the tree can be pruned at any time of the year. Tamarind Bonsai is easy to grow and care and lives for years, adding an artistic touch to any home or office.
This tree is less prone to insects and pests. While some mildew can attack the tree, they can be easily treated using an insecticide or fungicide. With some care, the bonsai remains attractive, healthy and miniature for years. Its beauty enhances with time as it matures. What makes it a favorite of Bonsai lovers is the dense canopy with tiny stems and leaves and tight twigs. The elegant appearance of the stem makes it attractive. Another benefit of using tamarind as a bonsai is the tough stem that does not break while designing it.
Dwarf Tamarind Tree – Getting Started
Tamarind bonsai is an art form originating in China and Japan. Dwarf tamarind tree depends completely on your care. If you care well, your bonsai remains miniature and beautiful for years. It is a living miniature tree that gets more attractive with time.
A flowering tamarind bonsai can thrive indoors in the proper light and should be kept outdoors during summer and spring. When the night temperatures drop, you can place the tree near a window. You can facilitate east or west exposure while bringing the bonsai indoors. You should ensure the tree gets 4-6 hours of direct sunlight per day.
You should never neglect watering your dwarf tamarind. Spray water before the soil gets dry and never let it get dried completely. Your dwarf tamarind must have gone through its training period so it will require periodic pinching and trimming to keep it miniature. If you should get it trained, you should learn about the art or take the help of a professional. Trim and pinch the new growth of the tree to the maximum safe point. Never remove all of the new growth altogether. Leave a little to sustain its health. Consider repotting periodically to supply fresh soil.