Pinus thunbergia var corticata Bonsai or Japanese Black Pine Bonsai is a superior bonsai specimen regarded by many as the most suited to this art form. Few other trees can compare to this sturdy, majestic tree making it a prime candidate for bonsai. With uncompromising care the Japanese Black Pine Bonsai has the ability to produce new growth on old wood making it one of the most sort after and revered bonsai specimens.
A Bonsai is not a specific breed of tree rather a variety of techniques that are performed to a plant to create and maintain a real life miniature tree. Any kind of tree can be selected to develop into a Bonsai tree however some species are simply more suited than others. The Japanese Black Pine bonsai is a classical subject. The trunk and branches are trained from a very early age to look elegant and interesting.
The ideal time to wire or perform other major tasks on this breed of bonsai is early spring and wires need to be removed no later than early fall. In fact most of its care requirements are seasonal except fertilising which needs to be done as often as twice a week in times of rigorous growth. The Japanese Black Pine Bonsai not only likes, but will actually thrive on excessive amounts of sun when the soil is kept moist. Repotting in a temperate climate is best done from late December to mid March.
Creating the perfect Japanese Black Pine Bonsai
Although it may take many years to create the perfect Japanese Black Pine Bonsai, the most advised method is to grow one from seed which allows you to have complete control over the shape of the tree and the distribution of the roots which is a crucial requirement when growing quality trees, however this method can take 20 years to create a medium size tree.
Besides seeds, there are other ways to develop a Japanese Black Pine Bonsai and all options have their advantages and disadvantages. Obtaining a specimen which is growing in the ground can give good results if the tree is young and there are no diseases or pests infecting the plant. Purchasing a tree from nursery stock is another option. Look for young trees with good short tight bundles of needles. These options will shorten the time it takes for your bonsai to develop.
Good preparation and maintenance of materials are essential to ensure success. Regular trimming of leaves and stems will secure a good result. The Japanese Black Pine is a vigorous grower that requires regular pruning to remain in bonsai form. When the upper branches receive all the energy, the bottom branches will become weak. This being said, it is still one of the most sought after and common choices for growers of all levels. Established Japanese Black Pine Bonsai are indeed a wondrous work of art.
Although demanding great patience over many years to train, it is a strong tree that responds well to the various techniques of Bonsai creation. If the grower can remain constant in their care and maintenance of this king of its kind, the benefits received will continue for years and years to come.