How To Grow Bonsai Trees

An introduction to how to grow bonsai trees

The art of growing Bonsai Trees began in china around 1000CE. Since then it has become an art form of its own and is now enjoyed by enthusiasts all over the world. When learning how to grow Bonsai Trees it is important to remember that it is not all about growing a tree in a small pot. There are many different varieties of Bonsai Trees available to work with each delivering their own individual features and beauty .Different techniques are also employed to create a plant which appears to be a miniature version of its self.

The first stage of how to grow Bonsai Trees is to begin with a small cutting or seed from your chosen plant variety. Your Bonsai Tree will live in a very small container for the duration of its life and will rely on you to provide all of its needs over its life time. Remembering to water your Bonsai Tree and fertilizing regularly are all important steps of how to grow Bonsai Trees properly. Remember proper feeding with potash, phosphoric acid, nitrogen and iron are all necessary to ensure good Bonsai health.

Due to its small size many growers make the mistake when learning how to grow Bonsai Trees in not providing regular water. You do not have to deliver large quantities of water to your Bonsai but by allowing it to dry out you are quickly risking its life. One idea of avoiding this death is to place a shallow tray filled with water and pebbles underneath the container your plant is in and allowing it to draw the required amount of water itself. Too much water will cause root rot to set in quickly and is just as damaging as too little water.

Placement is another important area to consider when learning how to grow Bonsai Trees inside your home. Bonsai Trees require a minimum of 4 hours sunlight a day, either near a window or outside if the weather is not too cold. Be careful to keep your delicate Bonsai Tree away from strong winds as this can easily damage your growing plant.

Shaping your tree into the desired style is often the hardest part when learning how to grow Bonsai Trees. Ensuring there is a balance between trunk size, leaf size and flowers is difficulty to manage when just beginning. Also keep in mind the size of the container; it should complement the final desired size of your Bonsai Tree. Remember be patient, if you fail this time you can easily try again. When young use copper wire to shape the branches and trunk into the desired shape, as it grows it will follow this control wire.

For many people learning how to grow Bonsai Trees is a Zen like experience. The patience needed to carefully trim and maintain your tree will be rewarding. Gradually you will see your Bonsai Tree develop into the shape you desired. Spend time researching the shape and species you want and most of all have fun when you master how to grow Bonsai Trees.

How To Grow Bonsai Trees
How To Grow Bonsai Trees

Growing a bonsai tree

You have now taken the first step in buying your very own bonsai. Now you have many questions about Growing a bonsai tree. The definition of bonsai is a tree or shrub grown in a container and that is made to look just the same as a mature tree using training methods.

The word “Bonsai” comes from the Japanese words, “Bon” meaning pot and “Sai” meaning tree. In Growing a bonsai tree you need a willingness to learn, experiment and accept the end results. It takes time to create perfection and with your bonsai you will always be moving forward. Bonsai is trees grown in miniature. But with this you must add time and space. It teaches you about life and attitudes. Bonsai was part of a culture and family heritage.

You will not be able to minimize a tree with just one single technique. It takes all into consideration when Growing a bonsai tree, the container, trimming and pruning, repotting and all other care. One can find dwarf trees in nature but the bonsai thrives in an artificial environment. This environment restricts the roots growth and its functions. The bonsai is shaped by the pruning and trimming process. The shaping needs to be started when the tree is very young. Butterfly shears or bonsai shears are used for the job.

The art of wiring your bonsai is a relatively modern method. It replaces traditional methods of pruning and hemp rope binding. The wire is wrapped around branches so that they will grow in that direction. The wire needs to be wrapped taut. Only keep it on for about 6 to 12 months. Remove wire with a bonsai wire cutter. This will prevent damage to the tree.

Growing a bonsai tree in the right soil is fundamental to the success of your bonsai. Bonsai soil allows water to drain freely and retains moisture. It allows the roots to breathe. You get two types of bonsai soil; conifer mix and a tropical mix. Remember to cover drainage holes with screening first before adding the soil. This prevents the soil being washed out of the pot. Always use your soil mixture dry when re-potting your bonsai.

There is no getting around re-potting as all plants in pots outgrow them at some stage. The difference between re-potting your ordinary houseplants and your bonsai is your houseplants need bigger pots but re-potting your bonsai requires a smaller pot. Be careful not to damage the roots when re-potting. Trim them carefully if they have formed a circular ball. Do not remove more than 20% of your roots. Always re-pot during the appropriate season and remember to water well and to keep your bonsai out of the sun for a couple of weeks.

The art of Growing a bonsai tree is to rise to the challenge to expose the essence of your bonsai. This art is the same as telling a living, breathing story. It is about personal expression, mixed with good horticultural practice. Being able to grow a bonsai gives you a mixture of form, thought and suggestion. It is an art form that endures the ages.

What does it take to grow bonsai trees

Bonsai originated from the Japanese words ‘bon’ which means tree and ‘sai’ which means pot. Although the name Bonsai is formed from the Japanese language, the practice of Bonsai originated from the Chinese empire no less than 1000 years ago. It later moved and developed in Japan. Those that specialize in plant growing still need to have the knowledge and the required skill needed in the successful to grow bonsai trees depending on its specie.

A person who doesn’t know how to grow bonsai trees would feel that it is a question of putting a little plant in a small pot and watching it germinate. The secret behind the growing of Bonsai is how you prune the branches and the roots. Bonsais are usually reduced by trimming the branches, leafs and roots.

Bonsais are made to look like a well designed old looking tree by running wires on the branches and trunks, trimming it to reduce its height and making use of other valuable techniques. Due to the high level of techniques involved in the process to grow bonsai trees, it is required that you read and understand a lot of Bonsai related books so as to develop your skills in the growing and nurturing of bonsai. 

Designing the tree into different shapes is done within the early stages of the tree cultivation and little by little as the tree matures. The desired shape can be achieved by the use of copper wire on the trunk and branches. The growth of your bonsai trees is limited to the environment of the pot and it is a very fundamental fact which everyone, who wishes to grow bonsai trees, should know. Bonsai trees are used for decorations so you would do yourself more good than harm if you trim the trees into great shapes and design. 

Bonsai trees can be shaped into different sizes ranging from small, medium or miniature sizes and can also be placed indoors or designed for outdoor purposes. Bonsai trees designed for indoor purposes always finds it difficult to survive outdoors in the low temperatures but on the contrary, Bonsai trees designed for outdoor purposes flourish well there since they are designed to adapt to the climate changes. One can grow bonsai trees either using cuttings or seeds (also seeHow To Grow Bonsai From Seed). When you make use of seeds, you can grow a tiny seed into a pot full of flowers and be pleased with yourself.

To grow bonsai trees using cutting, you have to be aware of the two types available which are listed below:
1. Soft wood cuttings: Theses are normally recovered during summer but should be allowed until there are signs of new growth before placing them in their individual pots.
2. Hard wood cuttings: They are always recovered when the cultivating seasons end.

Just like most other plants, Bonsai trees loves sunlight and humidity except if they were recently pruned. Due to their love for humid environments, it is compulsory that you grow bonsai trees by putting the plant in a shallow tray containing water. The result is that the water would evaporate thereby making the air around the tree more humid. This doesn’t mean that the Bonsai tree should be seated in the water. Pebbles should be placed beneath the tree to give it a sitting over the water.

Some final tips on how to grow bonsai

Bonsai is an art and the intriguing part of bonsai is that no two bonsai look similar. The final shape and design of the bonsai is basically the interpretation of the person growing it. To master the art of bonsai one needs to understand the nuances of how to grow bonsai.

These magnificent plants have a number of intricacies that need understanding, patience and expertise. The art of Bonsai finds its roots in China that later spread to Korea, Japan and within no time had the whole world under its spell. When delving into how to grow bonsai you need to first understand that you need to choose the correct plant for it too. The plant selection would be instrumental in deciding how successful or unsuccessful your venture would be. Bonsai can be grown from seeds (also see How To Grow Bonsai from Seed) or saplings.

Bonsai is basically a miniature plant grown in a pot that adds elegance to your landscaping. Bonsai can be both outdoor and indoor plants and like regular plants need pruning, watering, support and shed their leaves too during the leaves shedding season. You should ideally grow bonsai in a pot that matches the size of the plant you have pre-decided upon. Choosing a wrong size may hamper the growth of the bonsai and you may need to change your pot frequently, thereby disturbing the plant.

Juniper bonsai is a good choice for beginners as it is comparatively easier to handle and develop as a bonsai. Japanese maple too is a good option to start with for people who have just ventured into the art of bonsai planting. To grow bonsai you also need to be aware of the various activities it entails. Bonsai can be brought online or from nurseries, but it is advisable to buy in person so that you can assess its health and buy a healthy sapling.

Bonsai should be repotted every 1-2 years. As the bonsai soil tends to get devoid of its nutrients with time, for healthy and robust growth it is best to give the bonsai a new soil and in the process aerate and prune the roots too. Early spring is the best time to repot a bonsai. When replacing the soil, mix some compost with sand and bonsai fertilizers with the new soil. Always grow bonsai in a soil that is rich with nitrogen, potassium and phosphorous for robust growth.

To grow bonsai you need a soil that is moist and not dry. Dry soil is detrimental for the growth of a bonsai. At the same time the soil should not be too damp as the roots may start rotting. The watering pattern should be adjusted as per the weather with more water during summers and less water during winters. Keep the soil aerated and all the excess water should be able to drain out from the pot. Some bonsai plants need less water and some need more water.

To grow bonsai you should show the plant adequate sunlight. Generally bonsai are unable to tolerate the full sun and prefer moderate sunlight with some shade. The design of the bonsai can be achieved with perfect pruning at regular intervals that would give you the stunning bonsai you always desired.