There are many aspects to consider when looking for the right bonsai tree. The knowledge on bonsai types is critical for you, as a caretaker because each and every single bonsai tree has its own unique needs to grow into a successful bonsai masterpiece.
The first thing to consider on bonsai types is the height factor and the divisions of such. There are six major classifications regarding the size of your bonsai tree: Shito (5cm and below), Mame (5-7 cm), Shohin (up to 20 cm), Kifu (20cm-40cm), Chu (40cm-50cm), Dai (60cm and above). If your bonsai falls in any of particular category the water and nutrients it requires may vary based on the type. Obviously a Shito bonsai wonít need as much nutrients as a Dai bonsai for example.
Categories of Bonsai Types
Also bonsai types are divided into two more categories known as indoor and outdoor. Obviously the indoor types are plants that generally would grow inside of your house next to a windowsill or some indoor garden. At times artificial growing lights might be required for the indoor bonsai. These indoor types generally are sub tropic or tropical trees such as a fig tree or a Chinese elm for instance. Outdoor bonsais include evergreens such as Oak and Olive trees as an example. These trees must be protected from harsh climatic changes such as cold winters and dry summers. Therefore if you are to choose outdoor bonsais you must be sure of what type of climate one of these trees can survive, and if the weather in your particular area suits the specific tree.
Bonsai types are also divided into a style category based on how it has been grown. These styles include: Formal Upright, Informal upright, Root over rock, Forest, Literati and cascade and semi-cascade style. There is no official method or correct style, which leaves the grower up to his or her, own creative wits. These styles are formed with special bonsai wires to shape the growth of each individual bonsai tree. The mixture of styles is also not a very uncommon practice, which can divide the bonsai types into more subcategories.
There are very different bonsai types in regards to species of trees. If to choose between indoor and outdoor there are literally thousands of different types to pick. Bonsais such as the baby Jade bonsai tree and the Money bonsai tree are perfectly good examples of Shohin bonsais, perfect for indoor cultivation and care. Bigger plants and ever greens such as a Dai Christmas tree are excellent candidates for outdoor types.
Covered here is just a handful of information on bonsai types. As you can imagine the immense world of bonsai is always adding in new techniques and types of trees. Depending on the purpose of your bonsai you can choose carefully in the wide selection available. By understanding the different elements involved, the future care and well being of your bonsai tree will be simplified resulting in a beautiful piece of art. As you delve deeper into the world of bonsai you will discover many more tricks and secrets to this peaceful and wonderful discipline. As you now have more of an understanding on the different types of bonsais, your imagination is the only limit.