Bonsai Planting – Making Beauty Simple
Across the world, Bonsai planting is becoming the new must have piece of décor for any house or office. Originating in China 1000 years ago, the art of Bonsai has now reached such acclaim that finding one being lovingly grown in your neighbor’s house is not a rarity anymore. Bonsai cultivation is a mix of science and art. Understanding the careful balance between maintaining health and achieving beauty is what gardeners around the world strive for. Anyone can master the art of Bonsai planting provided they have the patience to deliver all the care they deserve.
It is important to select the right tree for your Bonsai planting; some trees take to miniaturization better than others. Mugho Pines, Japanese Maples and Junipers are popular varieties with people beginning in the art of Bonsai planting as they are hardy and forgiving. Bonsai plants are classified in two categories, deciduous and evergreen. Deciduous trees reflect the change in season, their leaves change and fall in autumn and spring marks new growth. Evergreen trees maintain a uniform look year round but to require a little extra care from the grower. Other easy tree options for novice Bonsai planting include the Chinese Quince or Juniper and the Japanese Pagoda and White Pine.
Bonsai planting from seed can take a very long time and requires some expert knowledge. For beginners the use of cuttings allows them to begin quickly and see results more readily than seeds or seedlings will allow. The first important component of health Bonsai planting is the soil. Each species of tree has its own needs, in general however evergreen trees prefer a mixture of half sand and half loam. Deciduous trees require a higher level of loam, around 70% with 20 % sand added finished with 10% of leaf mold.
Ensure the container has adequate drainage holes; plants that become waterlogged suffer from root-rot and die quickly. When beginning your Bonsai planting cover the holes with either a layer of fine mesh or moss to stop soil falling out or clogging the holes. Clear any old soil from the roots of your Bonsai and check that there are no damaged or old roots that need to be removed. Find a humid environment to store your plants in during the early phase of growth, a basement is ideal.
Another important part of Bonsai planting is the art of miniaturizing. Do not worry if you make mistakes at first, there is always a learning curve involved in any new project. Your main aim at this stage is to restrict the growth of the plant through wiring and pruning. The copper wiring helps shape the tree, be careful not to wire too tightly as you will scar the trunk of the tree.
Ongoing care requires regular watering and monthly fertilizing during the growing seasons. Keep an eye on any new grown and pinch off buds when they appear. With a little maintenance it will not belong until your Bonsai planting experience creates an art work worth displaying in your home or office.